.HTACCESS define as –
“It’s a configuration file for use on web servers running the Apache Web Server software. When a .htaccess file is placed in a directory which is in turn ‘loaded via the Apache Web Server’, then the .htaccess file is detected and executed by the Apache Web Server software.”
Use of .htaccess-
1) .htaccess file is basically used for url rewriting.
2) .htaccess file used to make the site password protected.
Below example show how we can use the htaccess file.